Real estate Services & information for serving the comprehensive development purposes, that contribute in promoting the economic and real-estate stability in Jordan.


Historical Background of DLS

Historical background of DLS::

 1- Pre-Foundation stage:  

The core of the Department of Lands and Survey in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was founded under the Ottoman Land Law in 1274 AH,(1857).
The region had seen -in the mid-nineteenth century- a growing administrative interest from the Ottoman Empire, as the first administrator (Qa’im Maqam) was named for the region located between the Yarmouk and Az-Zarqa Rivers, with Irbid as center, and appurtenant to Horan. The same applied to the area between Az-Zarqa and Al-Mujib rivers  appurtenant to Nablus, which was separated in 1905 and became appurtenant to Al-Karak, to the south of Al-Mujib river, established in 1894 to depend directly of the jurisdiction of the state (Wilaya) of Syria.
The region was suffering from many problems and disorders: the outbreak of the First World War in November 1914, the entry of the Ottoman Empire into the war against the Allies, the blockade imposed by the Allies on the Arab coasts, and the denial of the allies to their promises of unity & independence made to the Arabs in Asia, and the Sykes-Picot agreement signed on 16 May 1916, which fragmented Syria and Iraq to spheres of influence between France and Britain. This agreement remained secret until November 1917, when the Bolsheviks published it, and by which Trans Jordan became part of the British zone of influence. There followed the withdrawal of British troops from the Trans Jordan, keeping the region without government or military or even police to maintain stability and security. This situation led to the emergence of local governments which were unable to address the public problems or improve the deteriorating situation in the country.
The arrival of Prince Abdullah to Trans Jordan formed an important turning point in the history of the country, where after a meeting held on the 29 March 1921 between Prince Abdullah and Winston Churchill, an announcement of a national government in Trans Jordan was declared, headed by HRH Prince Abdullah. In (11) April 1921, a Jordanian government was formed, headed by Mr. Rashid Tulay’.
In early 1928 the Department of Lands & Survey formed the first vocational training institute in the Country in co-ordination with Nadharat al Maarif (Direction of Knowledge),(Ministry of Education nowadays) to attract distinguished students to be trained to join the technical staff of the department, in order to fulfill & execute a huge volume of surveying & settlement work expected across the Country in view of population growth and the urgent needs of the developmental growing of the country, as the surveying & settlement services were only confined to defining the boundaries of the villages in agricultural areas located in the West of Trans Jordan to reduce the conflicts between the clans and tribes.
2- Foundation stage:  
Mr. A.B Mitchell, 1/5/1929-1/4/1940):
Trans Jordan remained, by virtue of the international law, part of the Ottoman Empire until the signing of Lausanne Agreement in July 24, 1923, which stated the separation of Trans Jordan from the Ottoman Empire, from the date of the Agreement ratification, on 6 August 1924.
Under Article (139) of the agreement, the Principality of Trans Jordan possessed the real estate records and documents, and then started to re-organize and overcome the existing difficulties, as it enacted the Bylaw of Subdivision and Land Demarcation, followed by the Survey and Valuation Law in 1927, which stated the definition of the boundaries of villages, blocks and the state forestry and other kinds of properties.
The Department of Lands & Survey was formally established on 30/9/1929 when several departments were unified (Department of Survey, Department of State property, land registration offices).A British director was appointed (Mitchel) by the Mandate Government.
During this period, statistical tables for each village were organized. The law of land settlement in 1933 was implemented, in Ajlun as a start, to replace the old Tapo records by new records.
Mr. George D. F. Welpole, (1/4/1940-15/5/1954):
In 1952 the two departments of Land & Survey in the East and West Banks have been united , the headquarters being in Amman, it became responsible for all land  registration directorates (LRDs) in both banks, which numbered (15) at that time. The buildings tax investigation section was separated of DLS and attached to the Ministry of Finance. The implementation of Palestinian Laws continued until DLS concluded the preparation of its own laws, when Settlement of Land and Water Law No. 40 for the year 1952 and other laws were issued, and began to be applied in both banks.
During this period plans at scale of 1:1000 for the Jordan Valley and the Yarmuk and Az-Zarqa basins were produced, in addition to the maps of the western region of the East Bank at  large scales (1:1000, 1:2500) and the production of topographical maps of the East Bank of Jordan in relatively small scales (1: 25000,1:10000).
Mr. Mohammad Ismail Alatiyat, (12/10/1954-15/7/1959):
On 12/10/1954 the services of the last non-Jordanian director-general of DLS ended (Welpole), and a Jordanian acting director-general was appointed, (Mr. Mohammad Ismail), and on 1/4/1956 he was appointed as the first Jordanian Director-general of DLS.
In the following years, new LRDs were established in both East and West Banks raising their number to 23 LRDs .Methods of work in DLS have been developed, registration, legal and technical sections were established using modern methods, training courses were conducted in foreign countries to acquire advanced skills and expertise necessary to develop the work of DLS, and modern cadastral equipment was purchased to be used in cadastral surveying and computations.
Mr. Mohammad Alkhashman, (15/7/1959-1/7/1962):
Aerial photography section was established for topographic survey of the Kingdome by aerial photographs, and the necessary equipment for this section has been purchased.
 During this period, the activities of DLS have been distributed into three main activities: general management, settlement & surveying, and registration. In addition, it began
the process of establishing a sophisticated and accurate geodetic network based on latitude and longitude coordinates instead of the primitive baselines.
Mr. Subhi Rashid Al Hasan, (1/7/1962-1/6/1971):
The activities of Surveying in the West Bank have been stopped after the Israeli occupation of the West Bank in 1967, but continued actively in the East Bank. The equipments of aerial photography, photographs and films were transferred to the General Command of the Armed Forces, and the work of the aerial photography sectionwas  replaced with the work of maps photography and enlargement and preparations for the use of microfilming to preserve documents in DLS.
 
3- Development & Modernization Stage
Mr. Badri Id Al Mulqi, (1/6/1971 – 30/9/1989):
This period was marked by the introduction of modern registration and surveying in line with the spirit of modern era. The scope of cadastral survey work expanded to lands where settlement was announced in, especially the areas, which were excluded from settlement work previously, in addition to some desert areas.
In co-operation with the Royal Scientific Society, DLS integrated computers in its work to resolve a large number of technical and calculation issues,and trained its staff on administrative, registration, and technical issues to raise their skills and abilities. New sections and committees have been established, such as the Valuation committee, the Office of the Legal Counsel and the Planning Unit.
During this period, DLS benefited from international assistance, of which the most important was a project of the UN for the rehabilitation and training of staff, and financing technical projects and modernization of cadastral equipments.
In 1974 the Cooperative Housing Association for DLS staff was founded aiming to provide land plots to the staff for residential purposes.
In the early seventies, DLS introduced the latest electronic programmed calculators. In the early eighties computers (PCs) and plotters were used to draw maps, and microfilming for documents started, and modern computerized cameras to reduce or enlarge the scale of maps as requiredwere used. In 1988 real-estate alphabetical index project was accomplished.
During this period also, DLS started pilot projects within a five-year plan assembled in the following:
1- DLS modernization and development project: new buildings were acquired for the LRDs in the governorates of Amman, Irbid, and villages like (Samar, Dayr Alla).
2- Real-estate Alphabetical Index project: which enabled the owners to know the number, location & the area of their properties, and any other required information easily, by building DLS own computerized system, which enables the decision maker to define the land type(sylvan, desert, owned, treasury, inoperative, dedicated…etc.) for different purposes, thus replacing the Royal Scientific Society’s system.
 3- Settlement & survey, triangulation and resurvey project: which covered most of the organized and municipal lands, and some of the previously surveyed lands, in the appropriate scale. In addition, it reinforced the performance of settlement & survey teams, and provided them with modern equipment (such as the total station model TC1600).
4- The United Nations project of assistance to DLS: by which a technical & financial assistance program was provided, worth 230,000 dinars, it included training programs for members of DLS staffin foreign countries.
5- Modern applications Directorate development Project: the goal of the project was to provide qualified technical personnel and a high level of equipment to meet the requirements of the Department, including computers and technical equipment that support data archiving & documenting and facilitate data recovery.
Mr. Ali Muflih Hasan Al-Gharaybeh, (9/6/1990-31/10/1996):
The introduction of software systems of arc info, and the GIS to the Department.
• The commencement of the computerizing of the paper plans and converting them into digital
• The introduction of the surveying system by the GPS (Global Positioning System by satellites) (model Leica SYS 200) as well as the total survey station model Leica TC 1610.
Mr. Ibrahim Mismar, (31/10/1996-15/7/1997):
• Beginning of the DLS Modernization Project, supported by the German government (GTZ).
Engineer Abdul-Munim Samara, (17/7/1997-14/4/2006):
1. Implementing the DLS Modernization Project with support from the German government (German Agency for Technical Cooperation GTZ).
2. Computerization of DLS work in the Center and the LRDs: The work started in the pilot directorates (Irbid, Mafraq and south Amman), where emphasis was placed on computerization of most of the registration, technical & administrative issues.
3. Converting the paper cadastral maps into digital, through a modern information system, which helps to computerize activities and provide services electronically.
4. Updating the central computer server by adding a new one with high quality, funded by the (GTZ).
5. Development of computerized registration information systems, in addition to the administrative and technical systems.
6. Development of cadastral information system by linking the digital maps with the property data-base.
7. Introducing surveying devices through the GPS model Leica 500.
8. Registers matching project (red, white & electronic registers).
9. Transforming Triangulation from the Palestinian Projection system (Cassini) to the Jordan national system, Jordan Transverse Mercator system (JTM).
10. Obtaining ISO 9002 certificate.
11. Establishing new LRDs, thus raising their number to 32, besides increasing the number of settlement teams.
12. Establishing new sections, such as the Maintenance Section and the Library.
13. Initiating electronic services through the Internet, as maps issuance, change statements & indexes, at the beginning of 2005.
14. Applying the automatic alignment system in the center of DLS, to help serving clients according to priority of arrival.
15. Initiation of DLS hotline to receive complaints and comments of citizens.
16. Organizing the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) conference in 2005.
17. Execution of a number of vital projects such as : survey of pourpresture (offence against state property) in Az-Zarqa, Ar-Rusayfa and Al-Azraq, the project of surveying the unsurveyed areas, survey of Jordan valley villages, matching maps, matching registration sheets, gender, e-government, triangulation points densification, settlement & survey of tribes land, data transformation from ingress into oracle system, real-estate valuation system and the costing system.
18. Adopting new management methodologies, such as management by participation and objective-oriented management, and introducing an incentives system.
19. Implementing annual executive plans based on the departments strategic plans.
20. Establishing DLS staff club and the social solidarity association.
 Mr. Ghazi Shatnawy, (16/4/2006-19/5/2007):
1. The continuation of applying DLS modernization policy, through projects of full computerization of the LRDs and linking them with the Central server.
2. Starting of the experience of private sector participation in the evaluation of real estate.
3. Continuing of sheets matching project.
Engineer Mazen Matar Shotar (20/5/2007- 2010/1/20):
1. Beginning SMS service (electronic massages) to notify clients about the course of their transactions.
2. Moving-on with matching registers and improving data project, and adding the national I.D numbers on property records.
3. Establishment of new buildings for land registration directorates, owned by DLS (South Amman, Al-Mafraq & Az-Zarqa LRDs).
4. Establishment of a technical section in Az-Zarqa LRD.
5. Computerizing state property (treasury lands) data.
6. Activating DLS web site on the Internet in English.
7. The establishment of Al-Quwayra and Ghawr As-Safi registration offices, and linking them electronically with the Center.
Engineer Nedal Yahya Al- Sagarat (21/1/2010- until now):
    Holds a Masters degree in Engineering Surveying & Geodesy, from Nottingham University (IESSG) in the United Kingdom in 1997.
    A Bachelors degree in the same specialization from ENSG/IGN in France in 1982.
    Served the country by working in the Royal Jordanian Geographic Center (RJGC) from the year 1982 until 2001, when he was transferred to the Jordan Valley Authority, then returned back to the RJGC until 2010, occupying many positions, the last of which was Deputy Director General.